Weather and tense

 

In this lesson, we'll learn how to talk about the weather in the past, present, and future. Taking the present tense as the default, the past and future show up as different endings on the verb.

In general, past = -p and future = -tew (sometimes, you see other letters hanging on to these ones to make them easier to pronouce).

For example, to talk about rainy weather yesterday, you say:ulagu, gigpesaqap: yesterday, it rained; today, you say:gisgug, gigpesaq: today, it's raining; tomorrow, you say:sapo'nug, gigpesatew: tomorrow, it will rain.

One more thing about the future tense: in addition to adding -tew at the end of the verb, the future tense can also change the beginning of the word. It happens when the FIRST vowel of the present tense form is an e, and the change basically just removes the e in the future tense. Then to make it easier to say, a ' is often added to the start of the word.

You'll get the hang of this the more you speak the language; for now, just learn these forms and watch out for the "remove e" rule in the future.

Vocabulary Section 1
 

Gigpesaqap.

It rained.

 
 

Gigpesaq.

It is raining.

 
 

Gigpesatew.

It will rain.

 
 

Alugwig'p.

It was cloudy.

 
 

Alugwig.

It is cloudy.

 
 

Alugwitew.

It will be cloudy.

 
 

Wasoqotesg'p, aq gaqtugwewig'p

There was lightning and (there was) thunder.

 
 

Wasoqotesg, aq gaqtugwewig

There is lightning and (there is) thunder.

 
 

Wasoqotest'tew, aq gaqtugwewitew

There will be lightning and (there will be) thunder.

 
 

Na'gu'setewig'p

It was sunny.

 
 

Na'gu'setewig

It is sunny.

 
 

Na'gu'setewitew

It will be sunny.

 
 

Weju's'g'p

It was windy, the wind was blowing.

 
 

Weju's'g

It is windy, the wind is blowing.

 
 

Ugju's'gt'tew

It will be windy, the wind will blow.

 
 

U'nig'p

It was foggy.

 
 

U'nig

It is foggy.

 
 

U'nitew

It will be foggy.

 
 

Pesaqap

It was snowing.

 
 

Pesaq

It is snowing.

 
 

'Psatew

It will snow.

 
 

Tege'g'p

It was cold.

 
 

Tege'g

It is cold.

 
 

'Tge'tew

It will be cold.